Parents in a certain Georgia community might now be a little nervous for back-to-school season. On a Fall morning in 2015, East Paulding Middle School's sign welcomed the return of students with one glaring error: "We Are Glad You Are Hear." After area resident Michael Graham drove past the sign, he snapped a photo and shared it on local News Radio 106.7's Facebook page. It's since been passed around across the nation, and it's serving as the ultimate lesson in proofreading . . . and that spellcheck can't always save you. Hear, hear!
Take a careful look at the image of two brains on this page. The picture is of the brains of two three-year-old children. It’s obvious that the brain on the left is much bigger than the one on the right. The image on the left also has fewer spots, and far fewer dark “fuzzy” areas. To neurologists who study the brain, and who have worked out how to interpret the images, the difference between these two brains is both remarkable and shocking. The brain on the right lacks some of the most fundamental areas present in the image on the left. Those deficits make it impossible for that child to develop capacities that the child on the left will have: the child on the right will grow into an adult who is less intelligent, less able to empathise with others, more likely to become addicted to drugs and involved in violent crime than the child on the left. The child on the right is much more likely to be unemployed and to be dependent on welfare, and to develop mental and other serious health problems. What could possibly cause so radical a divergence in brain development? The obvious answer is that it must have been some illness or terrible accident. The obvious answer is wrong. he primary cause of the extraordinary difference between the brains of these two three-year-old children is the way they were treated by their mothers. The child with the much more fully developed brain was cherished by its mother, who was constantly and fully responsive to her baby. The child with the shrivelled brain was neglected and abused. That difference in treatment explains why one child’s brain develops fully, and the other’s does not. Neurologists are beginning to understand exactly how a baby’s interaction with their mother determines how, and indeed whether, the brain grows in the way that it should. Professor Allan Schore, of UCLA, who has surveyed the scientific literature and has made significant contributions to it, stresses that the growth of brain cells is a “consequence of an infant’s interaction with the main caregiver [usually the mother]”. The growth of the baby’s brain “literally requires positive interaction between mother and infant. The development of cerebral circuits depends on it.” Prof Schore points out that if a baby is not treated properly in the first two years of life, the genes for various aspects of brain function, including intelligence, cannot operate, and may not even come into existence. Nature and nurture cannot be disentangled: the genes a baby has will be profoundly affected by the way it is treated. The details of how the chemical reactions that are essential to the formation of new brain cells and the connections between them are affected by the way a mother interacts with her baby are extremely technical. Suffice it to say that there is now a very substantial body of evidence that shows that the way a baby is treated in the first two years determines whether or not the resulting adult has a fully functioning brain. The damage caused by neglect and other forms of abuse comes by degrees: the more severe the neglect, the greater the damage. Eighty per cent of brain cells that a person will ever have are manufactured during the first two years after birth. If the process of building brain cells and connections between them goes wrong, the deficits are permanent. This discovery has enormous implications for social policy. It explains two very persistent features of our society. One is the way that chronic disadvantage reproduces itself across generations of the same families. There is a cycle of deprivation - lack of educational attainment, persistent unemployment, poverty, addiction, crime - which, once a family is in it, has proved almost impossible to break. The way that the development of a child’s brain is dependent on the way that the child is treated by its mother explains why this depressing cycle happens. Parents who, because their parents neglected them, do not have fully developed brains, neglect their own children in a similar way: their own children’s brains suffer from the same lack of development that blighted their own lives. They, too, are likely to fail at school, to be liable to get addicted to drugs, to be unable to hold down a job, and to have a propensity to violence. The second persistent feature is the dismal failure of rehabilitation programmes that aim to diminish the rate at which persistent young offenders commit crimes. Many different approaches have been tried, from intensive supervision to taking young offenders on safaris, but none has worked reliably or effectively. Recent research indicates that a large majority - perhaps more than three quarters - of persistent young offenders have brains that have not developed properly. They have, that is, suffered from neglect in the first two years of life, which prevented their brains from growing. As a consequence, they may be incapable of responding to the same incentives and punishments that will steer those with more fully developed brains away from crime. That result may lead you to conclude that nothing can be done about the social problems that result from childhood neglect. But that would be wrong. There is a way to break the cycle, and it is not terribly difficult to achieve. It consists in intervening early and showing mothers who neglect their children how to treat them in a way which will lead their babies’ brains to develop fully. “Early intervention”, as the policy is called, has been tried in parts of the US for more than 15 years. It consists in ensuring that mothers identified as “at risk” of neglecting their babies are given regular visits (at least once every week) by a nurse who instructs them on how to care for the newborn child. Data from the city of Elmira in New York State, where such programmes have been in place longest, show that children whose mothers had received those visits did much better than children from a comparable background whose mothers were not part of the programme: they had, for instance, 50 per cent fewer arrests, 80 per cent fewer convictions, and a significantly lower rate of drug abuse. Graham Allen, the Labour MP for Nottingham North, has been a fervent advocate of introducing early intervention programmes into the UK since at least 2008. That year, he collaborated with Iain Duncan Smith, now Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, on Early Intervention: Good Parents, Great Kids, Better Citizens, a report for the Centre for Social Justice which set out evidence that the neglect of children in the first two years of life damages the development of their brains. The report also looked at the social problems that resulted, and examined the effects that early intervention could have in helping to solve those problems. Mr Allen’s own constituency is one of the most deprived in England: it has the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in Europe, and one of the lowest rates of participation in higher education. “There is no doubt that early intervention can make a tremendous contribution to improving our society,” Mr Allen says. “Not the least benefit is the financial one. The amount it saves taxpayers, by reducing benefits, by cutting care home places for kids who would otherwise have to be taken from their parents, by reducing prison places, and so on, is staggering.” Andrea Leadsom, the Conservative MP for South Northamptonshire, agrees. She is a passionate advocate of early intervention programmes. “I know they work because I have seen them in operation”, she says. “I helped to run an early intervention centre in Oxford, one of the first early intervention programmes in England. I have helped to institute such programmes in Northamptonshire. I can bear witness to the astonishing benefits. "The biggest problem at the moment is that the programmes are far too small. In Oxford, the centre sees perhaps 300 babies a year. But there are 17,000 babies born in Oxford every year, which means there are 34,000 babies in Oxford in the first two years of life who might benefit from the programme. "We need central Government to get behind early intervention so that it happens on a big enough scale everywhere.” Frank Field, the Labour MP for Birkenhead, is another passionate advocate of early intervention. He has also introduced small-scale schemes in his own constituency, and is working hard to find ways to get such schemes adopted more widely. There is a remarkable cross-party consensus that early intervention is a vitally important policy which needs to be supported nationally. Both David Cameron and Ed Miliband have endorsed early intervention, and insisted that it should be implemented. But nothing is happening to make sure that it is. “Quite the opposite,” notes Mr Allen. “The funding I thought was earmarked for it is being taken away. The plans that I have put forward are being hollowed out.” “It’s crazy,” adds Mrs Leadsom. “This is a policy that has the potential to transform our society, to mean that the next generation of babies will grow into more responsible, less crime-prone, and better educated adults. "We know what needs to be done to get those results: we need to ensure that mothers who are at risk of neglecting or abusing their babies in the first two years of life are instructed how to care for them and interact with them properly. But no one in central government is pushing it. In fact, they’re taking away the early intervention grant in order to pay for the pupil premium for two-year-olds.” Frank Field is just as depressed about the prospects of getting early intervention adopted by the Government. “The Prime Minister asked me to write a report on early intervention,” he says. “My hopes were up when I delivered it several weeks ago. But as far as I can tell, he hasn’t even read it.” What explains the failure to adopt early intervention programmes nationally? The greatest obstacle may simply be that the biggest benefits will not be obvious for 15 years. The babies who benefit from early intervention today will take more than a decade to grow into teenagers who do not commit the crimes they would have perpetrated had their mothers not been helped by an early intervention programme. Elections, however, are every five years. That means the benefits will not accrue to the politicians in power now, but to their successors - which could be why those in power now are reluctant to expend effort and money on early intervention programmes. “I hope that isn’t true,” says Graham Allen. “Because if it is, it would mean we are politically incapable of implementing the one policy that will certainly make our society immeasurably better. And what more profound condemnation of our political system could there be than that?”
Melania Trump is lonely and obsessed with Michelle Obama. At least in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s version of events anyway. The Nigerian author has penned a short story for the The New York Times’ style magazine, T, which paints the first lady-referred to throughout only as “Mrs T”-as the reluctant wife of the president who displays an unease with her political fame. And she’s a little bit racist, too. Adichie’s “micronovel,” Janelle Asked to the Bedroom, envisions a conversation between a forlorn Trump and her pilates instructor Janelle. The story was published on the Times website and on the T magazine Instagram page. In the short story, Janelle is unusually called to join Mrs T in her bedroom,
Rosalyn Gold-Onwude might officially be America’s NBA sideline sweetheart in part because she’s not afraid to hold stars’ feet to the fire. On Sunday, the TNT reporter tweeted out a video teasing her sitdown interview with Lonzo Ball, during which she knuckled the Los Angeles Lakers rookie for staid style with the media. Gold-Onwude asks Ball for his “message to the fans” prior to his regular-season debut and, after the UCLA product gives his milquetoast response, inquires “if I have to interview you postgame, are you gonna give me longer answers?” Ros goes on to offer her own impression of Zo, which elicits not only laughter from the 19-year-old, but his explicit approval of her “great impersonation.”
Matt Damon revealed during a wide-ranging “Good Morning America” interview that he learned that Harvey Weinstein had sexually harassed Gwyneth Paltrow from her boyfriend at the time, Ben Affleck.
Oct. 23 (UPI) -- North Korea warned Monday of an unimaginable blow at any time, after weeks of refraining from provocations. Pyongyang's state-controlled KCNA said the announcement is being made in response to what it described as aggressive remarks from the United States. "In the midst of the endless, hysterical war madness from the invaders, the provokers, upon these conditions our proper position, to deliver an unimaginable blow at any time, is ready," KCNA stated. The news agency added, "Trump may speak of the 'calm before the storm,' in an attempt and foolish calculation to frighten us, but rather it is the United States that is hobbling around in fear and despair. "The era of having faith
A subway rider is fighting for his life after police say he got pummeled on an R train by an attacker who first stomped on his foot.
Nearly three weeks after Hurricane Maria tore through Puerto Rico, knocking out the entire electrical grid and leaving more than 60 percent of residents without running water, Yahoo News traveled to the island with Megan Vazquez to visit her family in the aftermath of the storm. We drove into the mountains and passed families collecting water and bathing in streams along the way. We swerved to avoid down downed powerlines and uprooted trees that blocked the steep, treacherous roads to Utuado and Ciales, where we visited an elderly couple from whom Megan’s father, Jesse, receives an alternative treatment for his heart condition. Isolated and completely cut off from communication, their house sat in the direct path of a potential mudslide. We waded through sheets of rain, and watched water splash above the tires of the cars in front of us as flash-flood warnings blared over the radio. On the highway near San Juan, we passed a billboard advising people to visit a website where the Puerto Rican government has been posting updates on the progress of the recovery effort, and wondered how, without electricity, internet or decent cell service, most Puerto Ricans would be able to access this important information. We celebrated the return of running water at the Vazquez house only to lament its disappearance 24 hours later. Megan and I stood outside in the rain and rinsed our hair in the water that flowed alongside the curb. We discussed President Trump and whether the speed and scope of the federal government’s response to Puerto Rico had more to do with the island’s lack of the political clout that comes with statehood, than with the current administration. “I think that if [Trump] didn’t exist it would be the same,” Jesse said of the federal relief effort. “I really do believe that.” Megan marveled at how many people on the mainland don’t even realize that Puerto Rico is part of the United States, or that its more than 3.4 million residents are also American citizens. “There’s still a divide between Puerto Ricans and the United States, and it’s on the U.S.’s part,” she said. Photography by Caitlin Dickson /Yahoo News READ MORE: In a devastated Puerto Rican landscape, getting by on tenacity, patience and the kindness of neighbors » RELATED SLIDESHOWS: Puerto Rico one month after Hurricane Maria » In the wake of Maria: Aerial views of devastation in Puerto Rico » Neither snow nor rain: Postal Service delivers mail in Puerto Rico » Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria » See more news-related photo galleries and follow us on Yahoo News Photo Twitter and Tumblr.
All five living former U.S. presidents gathered in College Station, Texas, on Saturday evening to pay tribute to America's tradition of volunteerism and raise money for the victims of Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria. At one point, all five ex-presidents - Jimmy Carter, George. H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama - were on stage, and Carter spoke, then Clinton. While Clinton was talking about the enduring disaster in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, the younger Bush leaned over to Obama, making him laugh. You can watch the moment at the 3:35 mark: Or you can wonder what was so dang funny in this silent clip of the moment Obama cracked up and Bush looked on mischievously:
No sibling rift here! Meghan Markle's estranged sister Samantha Grant made an appearance on Monday on Good Morning Britain, where she opened up her famous sibling and her new memoir, The Diary of Princess Pushy's Sister. Speaking about Prince Harry’s girlfriend, the 52-year-old said, “She’s lovely. No matter what I don’t believe that you can be a half-sister.
By now, Teen Mom fans are well aware that the reunions offer some of the most intense drama out of the whole season, and it seems the upcoming Teen Mom 2 reunion episode is going to be the craziest yet! Over the weekend, the Teen Mom 2 cast including kids, parents, and significant others flew to L.A. for the reunion show taping and it is safe to say things got extremely out of hand and it all seemed to be surrounding star Jenelle Evans and her husband David Eason. According to The Ashley, Eason pulled out a knife after becoming enraged during the filming of the “end-of-year” party on Friday, October 20 and took out his anger on a bunch of decorative balloons. A source told the outlet,“All of the cast was drinking and having a good time while filming this party, which will be used during an end-of-the-year clips show featuring both casts.
The only thing more frightening than that scene in “It” where the kids see Pennywise in old photos might be when you spot the creepy clown in your own pics.
The reunion venues for the Shahs of Sunset are getting bigger and so are the accusations. We barely make it through Andy Cohen greeting everyone before the gloves come off, or as Asa Soltan Rahmati observes, the Uzis come out. Asa was of course, a big, pregnant target this season and even in the glow of new motherhood, her cast mates aren’t about to let her off the hook. Even Vida, who usually likes to reserve her most blistering commentary for her own daughter, comes for Asa and trust me when I say her Uzi was fully loaded for that exchange. Before we go there, I feel like I’m sitting down with a totally different cast than what I saw this season - long gone are any blonde highlights from Mercedes
The cast of Roseanne is getting back down to business - but still finding plenty of time to goof around on set. On Monday, Roseanne Barr, who plays the series’ titular character and is an executive producer on the show, posted a pic to her Twitter feed of herself on a scooter, having fun with Laurie Metcalf, who plays her sister Jackie on the show. Barr and Metcalf are back on set shooting scenes for the revival of the hit series which aired on ABC from 1988 to 1997. The original cast recently reunited in the Connor kitchen for the first table read of the revival’s premiere episode, which is titled “Twenty Years to Life.” Barr and Metcalf were joined by original cast members John Goodman (Dan), Sara Gilbert (Darlene), Michael Fishman (D.J.), Lecy Goranson (Becky), and others.
The Seahawks were up 10-7 on the Giants in the second half of Sunday’s game when Eli Manning lost a fumble to give them the ball on the Giants’ 38-yard-line. It would be 17-7 Seahawks after one play, but sorting out exactly what happened on that play took some time. Russell Wilson ran a flea [ more]
One of the biggest mysteries of the past few years is that despite the absolutely incredible success of GTA 5, which has sold 80 million copies across all its platforms, that the game never released single-player DLC. It seemed like a no-brainer, an open-ended story in a game with an enormous install base when Rockstar had previously produced some of the most well-liked DLC packs in the history of the medium from GTA 4 to Red Dead Redemption. The answer seemed obvious, eventually. GTA Online was just making too much money and so Rockstar chose to focus on that. But according to a new Game Informer interview with Rockstar design director Imran Sarwar, it’s a bit more complicated than that: “No,
The U.S. Air Force is preparing for nuclear armed B-52 bombers to be put back on 24-hour alert for the first time in 25 years as tensions rise between North Korea and President Donald Trump. “I look at it more as not planning for any specific event, but more for the reality of the global situation we find ourselves in and how we ensure we’re prepared going forward,” General David Goldfein, Air Force chief of staff, told Defense One in an interview Sunday. While the order to have the bombers on alert hasn’t been given by the heads of U.S. Strategic Command or U.S. Northern Command, Gen. Goldfein-a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff-said that in the current political climate the Air Force anticipates that it might come.